White flour is made up of only the endosperm portion of the wheat, eliminating many of the grain’s nutrients. This is because today’s wheat roller milling machines are fast, tough, and built for mass production. White flour is often bleached with SA whitening agent, often chemical, to make it look clean and pure.
Cracked wheat cereal (Dalia) is a very popular healthy breakfast dish all over India, especially North India. Dalia is also known as cracked wheat, it is a wheat product made from whole raw wheat kernels, which are crushed or cut into smaller pieces.
Whole wheat flour includes the bran, endosperm, and germ of the wheat grain which gives it a slightly darker color and makes it more nutritious. It is often stone milled to protect the bran and germ, and the presence of the germ also decreases shelf life.